What do the P Line and C Line mean in music copyright?

If you’ve uploaded your music online then you’ve probably come across the P Line and C Line. It’s vital to understand what they mean when releasing your own music.

The P Line

The P Line, often marked with a ℗, identifies that their is an owner to the rights of a sound recording. Whatever follows the P Line should identify who is the owner of those rights.

This is marked on every release of a piece of music that has ℗ copyright. So it will show up anywhere music is officially available online and is used on physical copies of music as well.

You will find the P Line in the metadata for digital music and it makes it easy to find out where any royalties should be going for that music when it earns money.

The C Line

The C Line, symbolised with a ©, is the copyright of everything beyond the sound recording itself. The C Line signifies the copyright owner of the content that isn’t the recording itself.

So the C Line applies to artwork on your album cover, liner notes and art if your music has them, and any other visual materials associated with your music. The C Line can also apply to the lyrics and musical composition in a separate copyright to the P Line for the sound recording.

How to fill them in

Both ℗ and © copyrights should be marked with the symbol, followed by the first year of publication of the content, and then list the respective rights owner. For example:

℗ 2007 RouteNote Ltd
© 2007 RouteNote Ltd

P Lines should list the owner of the rights to the original sound recording at the time it is manufactured. The year listed should also represent the year when it was first released for commercial sale.

The lines should also state the full corporate name of the rightsholders. So don’t include a subsidiary or a record label division, instead make sure you list the full corporate name of the company.


When listing the P Line notices for compilations you must list each track separately for the year and rights-holders that apply to that track.

If multiple tracks feature the same original release date under the same original copyright owner then you can group them together. For example:

Tracks 1-3, 6, and 8 ℗ 2007 RouteNote Ltd

How to find album artwork and know its copyrights

Before you get your music online it needs great artwork to accompany it and you’ll need to make sure the images you use are all okay to upload.

Choosing the right image to go with your music isn’t simple. It’s a visual representation of the sounds you want to present to new and interested listeners to draw them in to give it a listen.

But as with music, you have to make sure you aren’t infringing on anyone’s copyright if you’re releasing it commercially.

Find the perfect image

The number one source of great, copyright images that match your vision for your music is… Your own images. Take your own photos, paint your own paintings, etc: if you do it yourself then the copyright is 100% yours.

That doesn’t mean there aren’t plenty of images you can use available that aren’t your own. But you have to check the copyright permissions and the licenses of any image to ensure that it is free-to-use commercially.

We’ve compiled a list of great websites that offer copyright free images, at no cost! Check it out, but be sure to double check the licenses: routenote.com/blog/the-top-sites-to-get-free-copyright-free-images

Adhere to licenses

If you plan on using an image by someone else check exactly what the terms for using their image is. Remember that using an image on your album artwork counts as Commercial Use!

Creative Commons copyrights licenses are the most common that you’ll find for using other people’s images online. Creative Commons are a simple way to grant copyright permissions over creative work.

Creative Commons licenses will outline how a piece of content can be used and to what extent, including: copying, distributing, editing, remixing, and building further upon. They will state whether the original author requests crediting for their content.

Licenses differ greatly between content so make sure you know exactly what terms apply to anything you use.

Remember if it is for Commercial Use then Fair Use laws won’t apply.

For more information on Copyright:

United States – www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-general.html?fbclid=IwAR3CYUvvnzvEAkAyErBhCtsbVynMIzw5a_hWyt9a1j-DfxwnG_8U1y5JvuE

United Kingdom – www.gov.uk/copyright?fbclid=IwAR02NerK5GoNS49s_0RTgqPhoCxgVcH4alNJySKmNh-yCXFdLP4CMoeFP2k

At the end of the day, the most important thing is choosing the 
artwork that works best for you. Just make sure you can use it!

How Do I Use Spotify in India?

Spotify is now available in India and its expected to be quite popular.

Spotify is available to download by everyone in India and they have both their Free and Premium services available.

Spotify Free: Spotify Free is the very basic Spotify offering and it allows anyone in India to signup quickly and easily and streaming any music in the Spotify catalogue. The only downside is that you have to listen and see advertising from time to time.

Spotify Premium: Spotify Premium allows anyone in India to pay a small fee per month and be able to listen to any music in the Spotify catalogue on-demand. Price = 119 INR per month.

Feel free to head to Spotify now and signup.

How to get music gear and brand sponsorships

Gear makes the musician – there’s only so much you can do without it. As you start making a mark with your music it could be time to look at a sponsorship.

Brand sponsorships are a great way to take your music up a notch. They not only give you a great connection in to the music industry but also often result in donations or discounts on the best music gear around.

Any musician knows how expensive top quality gear is and an endorsement from a brand allows you to take more opportunities with hardware and instruments and often earns you some promotion from an established brand.

What can you get from Brand Sponsorships:

  • Discounted or donated gear to keep
  • Discount or donated renting for tours/video shoots
  • Featured on brand artist pages
  • Use of brand logos and content sharing
  • and more

What they might ask in return:

  • Use their equipment when performing live with their logo/branding clearly on display
  • Share some content of theirs or tag them on social media
  • Access to your content or permission to capture you on video/camera
  • Mention the brand in interviews or posts if appropriate

Lets talk a bit about the steps you can take to find a gear sponsorship for yourself.

Reach Out

Nothing ever came from being silent. Reaching out personally to music companies that you like is a great way to start a conversation and gain some appeal.

Get in contact with them, preferably through an artist/endorsement contact which you should be able to find on their website.

Tell them about yourself as an artist, what you do, how big your following is, why you want to partner up with them, any details that will help them decide you are a good endorsement. If you have links to your music and social media include them!

Perform Live

Performing at gigs isn’t for everyone, we get that. But if you’re looking for a brand sponsorship then you’re going to find it very hard if you aren’t playing your music live.

For a start a lot of brands endorse you in return for using their gear at gigs as promotion.

Gigs are also a great place for scouts to turn up, check out some acts and talk to any artists they think would be good to team up with after the show.

Festivals are especially a hotspot for representatives from music companies to explore the stages and listen out for up-and-comers they think have potential. This applies to record labels and managers as well.

Music Conferences and Exhibitions

Wouldn’t it be great if you could be in a room surrounded by loads of music companies that you could talk to face to face. You can!

Look out for big tech conferences and music exhibitions. There are a bunch all over, every year and they are the perfect place to meet industry executives and gear companies of all-sorts.

Talking face to face is the best way you can discuss the potentials of a partnership, and sell yourself whilst finding out more about brands and what they can offer.

Remember when you’re deciding to partner up with companies that you want to team up with brands that fit your music. If you’re an acoustic folk singer then a heavy metal distortion pedal company isn’t going to work.

Find the brands that suit YOU and hook yourself up with great equipment and valuable friends.

Spotify Direct Uploading Alternatives

Spotify recently announced that they would be closing their direct uploading feature that was available to a very selective number of artists via Spotify for Artists.

Many artists were left with a month to find an alternative.

RouteNote is a good alternative to upload directly to Spotify as we offer artists and labels a mixture of both a Free option and a Premium option. Artists and labels are able to move between our Free and Premium options for each release to make sure that they maximise their earnings.

Additionally, artists and labels have the ability to choose stores and streaming services far beyond just Spotify to make sure they get their music to all their fans across the world!

Anyone can create a Free RouteNote account within seconds and start uploading their music to stores and streaming services today!

How to release your own podcast FREE and get it on Spotify, Apple, Google + more

Podcasts are catching up with music streaming as people tune in to new shows around the world every day. It’s the perfect time to get your podcast running and out there online.

According to Forbes, podcasting has grown 300% since 2006 – and it was already popular then! 73 million Americans listen to podcasts every month, and then there are all the people outside America tuning in to podcasts they love and discovering great new ones.

More and more serivces are picking up on it, like Spotify who have taken a deep dive into making their podcast platform the best it can be for listeners and creators alike. It’s a great time to launch your podcast.

Whether you’re an artist wanting to expand your brand, you’re a group of people who want to share your discussions, or you have something to say and want people to hear it – podcasts are a great way to get your voice heard.

There are a few different ways of getting your podcasts up online, a great one is Anchor which Spotify recommends. With Anchor you have unlimited free hosting for your podcasts and you can monetize them to make money from brands that match your shows.

What makes Anchor really great is that after hosting your podcast for free you can distribute in to Spotify, Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts and more with one-click. This allows you to easily get your podcast out there on all the top platforms in front of people around the world.

If you’re looking to get your podcasts heard then there’s nothing stopping you!

Does RouteNote Pay the Contributors and Collaborator for My Sound Recordings?

No. (Unless You Use of Revenue Sharing Tool)

Under normal circumstance RouteNote doesn’t pay all the people who might have rights in your release – composers, lyricists, singers, etc.

However, in your RouteNote account under Artist Services we offer a Revenue Sharing program.

Revenue Sharing allows artists and labels to automatically split royalties between RouteNote accounts depending up what percentage of the release is owned by what party.

On the Revenue Sharing page it will ask you to fill out the form with the following information:

  • UPC Code
  • ISRC Code
  • RouteNote Usernames of any artist you want to share royalties with
  • Percentage owned by other artists

Once everything is in place you will receive an email confirmation and then those artists will automatically receive their percentage of the royalties every month!

Will RouteNote Collect Royalties From My YouTube Art Tracks?

Yes. RouteNote will collect your royalties from all of your views on your Art Tracks on YouTube and YouTube Music.

Art Tracks are created when you select the Google Play box in your stores section. These Art Tracks are automatically created for use in YouTube Music when no official music video can be found. This provides a full library for YouTube Music.

Art Tracks aren’t related to YouTube Content ID in any way and they are completely different systems and they work independently.

Why not create your release on RouteNote today and select Google Play as a store so your music can be added to YouTube Music via an Art Track.

How to Put Your Song on Apple Music

RouteNote has long been a partner of Apple for both iTunes and Apple Music. This is a very quick step by step guide on how to put your song on Apple Music for Free.

  1. Create a RouteNote account for Free
  2. Go to Create Release and Upload your Release
  3. Select Apple Music as a store in the stores page
  4. Finish your release and then hit done!

With RouteNote it takes 24 – 48 hours for your music to go through our moderation process then it will appear in Apple Music and other stores.

Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Music Copyright – but were afraid to ask

Copyright is a massive part of the music industry – it’s what protects you music as intellectual property and everyone else’s. An understanding of copyright is vital to navigating the world of music legally when releasing music.
We’ve compiled all our main resources on copyright so you can brush up and get up to date with all you need to know about copyrights and music.

The super guide to copyright


What different music licenses mean


How to copyright your music


Protect your music and ensure it’s legit